Running head: APPLICATION PROJECTWeek Three AssignmentStudent NameSouth University OnlineSOC1001 Introduction to SociologyWeek 3, Assignment 2James CastleberryDateRunning head: APPLICATION PROJECTApplication ProjectOver the course of the last 60 years, the family structure has evolved into a moreculturally diverse entity. A family unit, specifically the core values provided by parents, grandparents, models as the proving ground for children as they mature from adolescents to youngadults. Not all family dynamics are equal â€“ assuming that children raised in a loving andnurturing environment, these children can pass on the same attributes of love, support, and corevalues to their offspring. This thesis will examine the efficacy of family, and why it is consideredthe most important agent of socialization. In addition, discuss the evolution of families inAmerica with regards to marriage, race, classification, and gender preferences pre and postWorld War II.â€œWe are family, Iâ€™ve got all my sisters and meâ€, a 1979 Disco/Rhythm and Blues classicrecorded by Sister Sledge (1979) became the unofficial anthem for family reunion eventsthroughout the country. An expression of family solidarity and unity, the song still resonates inthe minds and hearts of all of those who have experienced the blessing of a family unit.Family is the most important agent of socialization because, as an entity, the influencesand impact it has on the rearing of children is unparalleled to any other agent including mediaand school. Kendall (2014) supports that assertion by detailing how families transmit culturaland social values from the infant stage onward. Kendall (2014) also stated that, families come indifferent sizes and structure â€“ with some families consisting of two parents and their biologicalchildren, whereas others consist of a single parent and one or more children (Kendall, Pg. 107).Running head: APPLICATION PROJECTWhether the structure consists of a traditional make-up or blended household, familiesreflect changing patterns of divorce and remarriage, and an increasing number are made up ofsame-sex partners and their children (Kendall, Pg. 107), or a paradigm shift of fathers taking onthe daytime responsibilities of socialization while the mothers are the ones working to supportthe family. Regardless of the structure, the family dynamic is the origin of where the childrenreceive their guidance, support, and core values.Over the past few decades, America have experienced dramatic changes in their familystructure with regards to a higher rate of divorce resulting in co-parenting from separatehouseholds, same-sex parents raising children via either natural birth or adoption, or theaforementioned role-reversal of fathers raising their children while the mothers work or serve inthe military.Traditionally, the main family duties of women consisted of raising the children while theman worked to support the family. For decades, women at an early age were groomed by eithertheir mothers or grandmothers to cook, clean, and take on the responsibilities to care after anysiblings they produced â€“ regardless if the female child was younger or older than her brothers orsisters. Cooking, cleaning, and raising children were the desired traits all men, who themselveswere raised to earn a living via hard work, trade, or profession, sought in their future wives. Thatwas the standard in the 1800â€™s, 1900â€™s, 1950â€™s through the 1990â€™s. Just over the past 20 years iswhere the family structure began to shift.Having children impacted the stability of the family unit. For example, the fact that twoconsenting adult teenagers (16 years or older) heavily involved with one another, who wouldexperience an unplanned conception would get married at the behest of church and family wasRunning head: APPLICATION PROJECTcommon place 40 to 60 years ago. Furthermore, for some newly formed young Americanfamilies divorce was not an option. Even old school couples of the 70â€™s and 80â€™s who were on atrajectory of divorce for irreconcilable differences at least waited until their offspring became ofage and move out of the home before acting on a separation of marriage.Dr. Molly Castelloe (2011) contributing writer to Psychology Today touches on howAmerican children nowadays endure more emotional disruption in familial relations than yearspast. Castelloe (2011) stated that with the dramatic rise in divorce, blended families of both gayand heterosexual design, cohabitating without marital commitment, and children born out ofwedlock within the last 50 years marks a shift away from the ideal of the companion marriagepopularized in the early 1920s to self-aspiration, enhanced freedom, and egalitarian relationships(Castelloe, 2011).Shifting too far away from a traditional family structure can impact the emotional andintellectual growth of a child, thus opening the door for children to gravitate to other agents ofsocialization such as peer groups â€“ which, depending on the kind of peer group, could have apositive or negative impact on that childâ€™s life. Take the dynamic of having children out ofwedlock for example; as stated earlier in this thesis, in the pre-war era when two consentingindividuals produced a baby, they would get married â€“ end of story.Now, fast-forward to the post-war era to present-day, it is not uncommon for twoconsenting adults to have children with no intentions of getting married. The best case scenario isthat the consenting adults are responsible to the needs of the child and can form a co-parentingrelationship that would be beneficial to the overall well-being of the child. Unfortunately withvarious class-levels, there are situations where one parent â€“ usually the father not sharing in theRunning head: APPLICATION PROJECTresponsibility of supporting his offspring due to the lack of connection or commitment to themother.The sobering reality is that, the lack of resources and support for a child can perpetuate agenerational cycle of broken families. Kendall (2014) states that the role of the family isespecially significant because young children have little social experience beyond the familyâ€™sboundaries; they have no basis for comparing or evaluating how they are treated by their ownfamily (Kendall, Pg. 107). The key point to Diana Kendallâ€™s position is that children, no matterthe personal choice â€“ married, divorced, cohabitating, single-parent, or raised by theirgrandparents due to the death or incarceration of one or both parents, will be products of theenvironment in which they are raised in.With regards to marriage values and lifestyle to class and gender, whether the family ismiddle-class or below the poverty level, class position shapes not just how much money parentshave to spend, but what they expect of their children. Insight provided by ZeePedia.com (2015)explained that in the lower class there is lot of emphasis on conformity and obedience. Familiestend to push their children harder to excel scholastically or stay away from peer groups thatcould provide a negative influence.Additionally, information provided from ZeePedia.com (2015) illustrates the use ofphysical punishment is prevalent in a lower class family environment than in a hire wealthclassification. Parents of lower class standing usually have limited education and perform routinejobs under close supervision. They expect their children will hold similar positions, so theyencourage obedience. In contrast, well-off parents that are college-educated usually have jobsthat demand imagination and creativity. Their family dynamic consists of inspiring the sameRunning head: APPLICATION PROJECTqualities in their children, which in turn, emphasizes developing curiosity, self-expression, selfcontrol, and critical thinking.In examining the trends of diverse families, there are positives to designing a familydynamic that works best for all stakeholders. No more shotgun weddings for the sake of the childfor one. Opposed to succumbing to the pressure of individuals getting married due to pregnancy,a couple can still honor a moral obligation to raise their child as co-parents and provide thenurturing, education, and cultural heritage the child can grow to appreciate over time.The trends in the family dynamic should continue to evolve to the point where women â€“who were once classified as stay-at-home mother without a career, now run the household.Castelloe (2011) stated that the rise of dual career, two-income marriages has also transformeddomestic arrangements. Furthermore, in 2010, more American women were employed than men.While husbands were more involved in childrearing, the bulk of housework and parenting stillfell on women who translated into a tricky balancing act between care-giving demands, spousalengagement, and job responsibilities.In conclusion, America has bear witness to the evolution of the family dynamic for over60 years. The family structure will always be the most important agent of socialization becauseof the impact it has on the children. The focus of the family may change, but the commondenominators such as childhood experiences, values, or other life-lessons learn will travel withthe child throughout his or her life to adulthood. In turn, there will come a point in their liveswhen it will be time to create their own positive cycle of socialization for the next generation ofchildren.Running head: APPLICATION PROJECTReferencesKendall, Diana. Sociology in Our Times, 10e, 10th Edition. Cengage Learning, 2014. VitalBookfile. http://digitalbookshelf.southuniversity.edu/books/9781305450387/id/L2-3-24Castelloe Ph.D., M. (2011). Changes in the American Family. Psychology Today.https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-me-in-we/201104/changes-in-the-americanfamily. Accessed on May 19, 2015.ZeePedia.com (2015). Agents of Socializations â€“ Family.http://www.zeepedia.com/read.php?agents_of_socialization_the_family_the_school_peer_groups_the_mass_media_introduction_to_sociology&b=99&c=14. Accessed on May19, 2015.